Roger Watson, Editor-in-Chief
A biospy is an invasive procedure and one which may lead to an unwelcome diagnosis. Clearly, the whole experience can be stressful for patients and, it seems, music may be helpful. This is the conclusion of a study from China by Song et al. (2017) which aimed to 'evaluate the efficacy of music therapy for reducing the anxiety and pain of patients who underwent a biopsy'. An article published in JAN from the study is titled: 'Music for reducing the anxiety and pain of patients undergoing a biopsy: a meta-analysis'.
Nine studies were found involving over 300 patients and the results showed that: 'Music had a
tendency towards decreasing systolic blood pressure before the biopsy' and 'music also tended to be more effective for controlling pain after the biopsy'. On the basis of their findings, the authors concluded: 'The results of the meta-analysis of nine relatively small studies indicate that music intervention is an effective aid for reducing pain in patients after a biopsy. Limited to the small number and low quality of included studies, this could not be considered a conclusive statement. However, as one of the most commonly used self-help strategies, music is suitable for relieving pain during invasive procedures. We still recommend that an intervention with soft, soothing and melodious melody should be accepted by patients from arrival at the biopsy operation room up to the end of the procedure. Without any reports of adverse effects, nurses can use our findings in their practice to promote the recovery of patients after a biopsy.
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Song, M., Li, N., Zhang, X., Shang, Y., Yan, L., Chu, J., Sun, R. and Xu, Y. (2017), Music for reducing the anxiety and pain of patients undergoing a biopsy: a meta-analysis. J Adv Nurs. doi:10.1111/jan.13509