Thursday, 27 October 2016

Are you type D personality?

Roger Watson, Editor-in-Chief

Are you type D personality? Do you know what that means and what effect it may have on your life? The effect of this personality tpe - described as being someone who is: 'vulnerable to negative affect, such as depression or anxiety and consciously suppresses self-disclosure in social interactions' is the focus of this sudy from Korea by Kim et al (2016) titled: 'Influence of type D personality on job stress and job satisfaction in clinical nurses: the mediating effects of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction' and published in JAN.

The aim of the study was: 'To test a hypothetical path model evaluating the influence of type D personality on job stress and job satisfaction and to identify the mediating effects of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction among clinical nurses in South Korea.'  The study involved nearly 900 nurses who were given several questionnaires to measure personality, stress and job satisfaction.

The results of the study showed that: 'type D personality was significantly associated with compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction.' The authors conclude: 'Because having a type D personality affects job stress and job satisfaction, identifying the personalities vulnerable to stress is needed to relieve job stress and to enhance job satisfaction when nurses experience a high level of compassion fatigue and burnout and a low level of compassion satisfaction. More interventions that can reduce negative affect and social inhibition of nurses with type D personality need to be developed in addition to methods that can decrease compassion fatigue and burnout and increase compassion satisfaction.'

You can listen to this as a podcast

Reference

KIM Y. H., KIM S .R., KIM Y. O., KIM J. Y., KIM H.K. & KIM H. Y. (2016) Influence of type D personality on job stress and job satisfaction in clinical nurses: the mediating effects of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction. Journal of Advanced Nursing doi: 10.1111/jan.13177

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