Wednesday, 6 April 2016

Consequences of nurses' burnout

Ufuk Basar
Nejat Basim 
Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey


A cross-sectional survey on consequences of nurses’ burnout: moderating role of organizational politics

The aim of this study was to assess whether perceptions of organizational politics influence the prospective associations between nurses’ burnout and its consequences, namely, intention to quit and neglect of work. Burnout is a psychological syndrome, a state of depletion and excessive mental fatigue that many people experience when they are under permanent stress. Intention to quit is defined as a conscious plan and will to leave the organization. Neglect refers to inattentive behaviours, such as lack of caring or staying away from work. Other symptoms of neglect may be psychological inattention and abandonment. It occurs because of negative occupational factors, such as a psychological contract breach, job dissatisfaction or other stressors. Organizational politics refer to employees’ self-serving behaviours at the expense of others towards achieving their individual objectives through approved or unapproved influence mechanisms, or achieving the organization’s objectives through unapproved influence mechanisms and perceptions of organizational politics refer to the extent to which employees perceive their working climate as political which encourages self-interest and causes injustices.

The research was conducted according to a cross-sectional survey design. Data were collected by questionnaire from a sample of 456 nurses from six private hospitals in Ankara, Turkey in March 2015. Four different previously-designed scales were used to measure research variables (burnout, intention to quit, neglect of work and perceptions of organizational politics). Following confirmatory validity and reliability analyses of data collection instruments, descriptive statistics for each research variable were analysed. Structural regression models were created to assess relationships among variables. Findings indicated that burnout was an antecedent of both intention to quit (β=0.59, p<0.01) and neglect of work (β=0.25, p<0.01). In addition to that, intention to quit partially mediated the association between burnout and neglect. Moreover, burnout gave rise to intention to quit (β=0.65, p<0.01) slightly more strongly in nurses who had greater perceptions of organizational politics. This study uncovered and emphasized the moderating role of perceptions of organizational politics in consequences of burnout. This may help hospital managers and nurses to improve costs, efficiency, satisfaction and productivity.


Reference

Basar U. & Basim N. (2016) A cross-sectional survey on consequences of nurses' burnout: moderating role of organizational politics. Journal of Advanced Nursing. doi:10.1111/jan.12958


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