Tuesday, 15 September 2015

Researchers Investigated Effects of Self-Efficacy in Weight loss Treatments to Improve Emotionally-Controlled Eating

James Annesi
YMCA of Metro Atlanta

Nicole Mareno
Kennesaw State University - WellStar School of Nursing

Emotional eating affects many women with obesity who seek weight loss treatments. Understanding relationships among factors that predict and mediate emotional eating might enable the construction of improved weight loss treatments.

Ninety-five women with obesity participated in one of two 6-month, community based weight-management programs where specific self-regulatory skills were taught through either (1) use of a manual plus phone follow-ups, or (2) a combination of 6 one-on-one sessions of exercise support plus in-person, group-based nutrition behavior change classes. The study confirmed that improved body satisfaction was associated with less emotional eating for women. Improvement in the women’s moods and greater use of self-regulatory skills predicted an improvement in the women’s self-efficacy to control eating while experiencing negative feelings. The in-person treatment format had the greater impact on the predictors of emotional eating.

Increasing individuals’ self-efficacy by incorporating mood and self-regulatory skills to overcome barriers to eating behavior changes in nursing interventions may serve to improve weight-loss efforts by reducing emotionally cued eating noted authors Drs. James J. Annesi and Nicole Mareno in a study in the Journal of Advanced Nursing.


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