A new review and synthesis of qualitative studies on the issue, published in JAN, found that despite the abundance of social theories of gender, few papers have specified a definition or theoretical position on gender.
Jan Angus, lead author of the paper, says: “Gender is frequently treated as a demographic variable or a property of an individual, not as the relational concept feminists intended it to be. Researchers then assume that men’s or women’s views are the result of gender, but overlook the social, material or institutional circumstances that contextualize and shape these meanings. Without conceptual clarity about the social origins of gender, we miss important analytic steps.”
Angus J.E., King-Shier K.M., Spaling M.A., Duncan A.S., Jaglal S.B., Stone J.A. & Clark A.M. (2015) A secondary meta-synthesis of qualitative studies of gender and access to cardiac rehabilitation. Journal of Advanced Nursing. doi: 10.1111/jan.12620