Wednesday, 11 February 2015

Clarity Needed in Studies on Gender and Access to Cardiac Rehabilitation

Women are less likely than men to attend secondary prevention or cardiac rehabilitation services, but this problem may not be exclusively attributable to gender. Both women and men can benefit from secondary prevention and cardiac rehabilitation interventions, and there is a need to understand the barriers to uptake that exist for both genders.

A new review and synthesis of qualitative studies on the issue, published in JAN, found that despite the abundance of social theories of gender, few papers have specified a definition or theoretical position on gender.

Jan Angus, lead author of the paper, says: “Gender is frequently treated as a demographic variable or a property of an individual, not as the relational concept feminists intended it to be. Researchers then assume that men’s or women’s views are the result of gender, but overlook the social, material or institutional circumstances that contextualize and shape these meanings. Without conceptual clarity about the social origins of gender, we miss important analytic steps.”


Angus J.E., King-Shier K.M., Spaling M.A., Duncan A.S., Jaglal S.B., Stone J.A. & Clark A.M. (2015) A secondary meta-synthesis of qualitative studies of gender and access to cardiac rehabilitationJournal of Advanced Nursing. doi: 10.1111/jan.12620

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